The Looming Pilot Shortage: Is Automation the Solution?

The U.S. Military Faces a Critical Shortage of Pilots and Must Consider Automation to Address the Problem

During World War II, Japan’s naval aviation suffered a devastating blow due to a lack of preparedness to replace combat losses. Today, the U.S. military is facing a similar challenge as it grapples with a chronic shortage of pilots. Outdated training systems and syllabi, coupled with a reluctance to embrace automation, are exacerbating the problem. This article explores the parallels between Japan’s past and the current situation in the U.S. military, highlighting the need for change and the potential benefits of automation in pilot training.

Strained Training Resources:

The U.S. military is experiencing a pilot shortage that poses a strategic risk, as there are not enough experienced pilots to meet the demands of operational units. The time required to train new pilots has increased, and they are entering the fleet at a slower rate than experienced pilots are leaving. This creates an “aging rate deficit,” where inexperienced pilots dominate squadrons and require more flying hours to gain experience. The Navy has implemented some initiatives to decrease training time, but more needs to be done.

Fighter Jet Automation:

Modern combat jets rely heavily on automation, with fly-by-wire systems and advanced flight control software. This automation enhances maneuverability and makes the aircraft easier to fly, allowing pilots to focus on mission-related tasks. The U.S. Air Force’s F-16s and Navy’s F/A-18s are equipped with automated failsafe modes that can prevent catastrophes. Critics argue that relying too heavily on automation poses risks, but the redundancy and reliability of flight control automation make such concerns unfounded.

Training for What?

Carrier landings have traditionally been a complex and crucial skill for naval aviators. However, advancements in automation, such as the U.S. Navy’s Precision Landing Mode, have dramatically improved pilot performance during carrier landings. This raises the question of whether carrier qualification in training commands is still necessary, or if it can be conducted in operational squadrons equipped with automation. The Navy is examining the feasibility of removing carrier qualification from training commands, but resistance to change and nostalgia for legacy practices pose obstacles.

Opportunities to Train Faster:

The U.S. Navy’s current advanced jet trainer, the T-45C Goshawk, lacks many automated features found in modern fighter jets. This outdated aircraft requires extensive manual flying and does not adequately prepare pilots for the computerized combat aircraft they will eventually operate. The Navy’s reluctance to replace the T-45C further hampers training efficiency. Automation offers opportunities to streamline training programs and syllabi, as algorithms become more capable of assuming piloting functions.


The U.S. military must address its pilot shortage by embracing automation in pilot training. Lessons from Japan’s experience in World War II highlight the need for preparedness and adaptability. Outdated training systems and syllabi prolong training and exacerbate shortages. Automation can safely replace certain flight tasks, allowing pilots to focus on mission-related activities. The Navy’s reliance on legacy practices and reluctance to adopt new training aircraft hinder progress. By seizing opportunities for automation and streamlining training, the U.S. military can mitigate the pilot shortage and ensure readiness in both peacetime and wartime.






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